Difference between revisions of "Comparison of mining pools"

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Reward types & explanation:
 
Reward types & explanation:
 +
* '''CPPSRB''' - Capped Pay Per Share with Recent Backpay. [http://eligius.st/wiki/index.php/Capped_PPS_with_Recent_Backpay]
 
* '''DGM''' - Double Geometric Method.  A hybrid between PPLNS and Geometric reward types that enables to operator to absorb some of the variance risk.  Operator receives portion of payout on short rounds and returns it on longer rounds to normalize payments. [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=39497.0]
 
* '''DGM''' - Double Geometric Method.  A hybrid between PPLNS and Geometric reward types that enables to operator to absorb some of the variance risk.  Operator receives portion of payout on short rounds and returns it on longer rounds to normalize payments. [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=39497.0]
 +
* '''ESMPPS''' - Equalized Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but equalizes payments fairly among all those who are owed. [http://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=12181.msg378851#msg378851]
 +
* '''POT''' - Pay On Target. A high variance PPS variant that pays on the difficulty of work returned to pool rather than the difficulty of work served by pool [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=131376.0]
 +
* '''PPLNS''' - Pay Per Last N Shares. Similar to proportional, but instead of looking at the number of shares in the round, instead looks at the last N shares, regardless of round boundaries.
 +
* '''PPLNSG''' - Pay Per Last N Groups (or shifts). Similar to PPLNS, but shares are grouped into "shifts" which are paid as a whole.
 +
* '''PPS''' - Pay Per Share. Each submitted share is worth certain amount of BTC. Since finding a block requires <current difficulty> shares ''on average'', a PPS method with 0% fee would be 12.5 BTC divided by <current difficulty>. It is risky for pool operators, hence the fee is highest.
 
* '''Prop.''' - Proportional. When block is found, the reward is distributed among all workers proportionally to how much shares each of them has found.
 
* '''Prop.''' - Proportional. When block is found, the reward is distributed among all workers proportionally to how much shares each of them has found.
* '''PPLNS''' - Pay Per Last N Shares. Similar to proportional, but instead of looking at the number of shares in the round, instead looks at the last N shares, regardless of round boundaries.
 
* '''PPS''' - Pay Per Share. Each submitted share is worth certain amount of BC. Since finding a block requires <current difficulty> shares ''on average'', a PPS method with 0% fee would be 50 BTC divided by <current difficulty>. It is risky for pool operators, hence the fee is highest.
 
* '''SMPPS''' - Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like Pay Per Share, but never pays more than the pool earns. [http://eligius.st/wiki/index.php/Shared_Maximum_PPS]
 
* '''ESMPPS''' - Equalized Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but equalizes payments fairly among all those who are owed. [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=12181.msg378851#msg378851]
 
 
* '''RSMPPS''' - Recent Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but system aims to prioritize the most recent miners first. [http://eligius.st/wiki/index.php/Shared_Maximum_PPS]
 
* '''RSMPPS''' - Recent Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but system aims to prioritize the most recent miners first. [http://eligius.st/wiki/index.php/Shared_Maximum_PPS]
* '''CPPSRB''' - Capped Pay Per Share with Recent Backpay.
 
 
* '''Score''' - Score based system: a proportional reward, but weighed by time submitted. Each submitted share is worth more in the function of time ''t'' since start of current round. For each share score is updated by: score += exp(t/C). This makes later shares worth much more than earlier shares, thus the miner's score quickly diminishes when they stop mining on the pool. Rewards are calculated proportionally to scores (and not to shares). (at slush's pool C=300 seconds, and every hour scores are normalized)
 
* '''Score''' - Score based system: a proportional reward, but weighed by time submitted. Each submitted share is worth more in the function of time ''t'' since start of current round. For each share score is updated by: score += exp(t/C). This makes later shares worth much more than earlier shares, thus the miner's score quickly diminishes when they stop mining on the pool. Rewards are calculated proportionally to scores (and not to shares). (at slush's pool C=300 seconds, and every hour scores are normalized)
[http://eligius.st/~luke-jr/samples/800MH-3/ Visual examples of the various payout methods]
+
* '''SMPPS''' - Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like Pay Per Share, but never pays more than the pool earns. [http://eligius.st/wiki/index.php/Shared_Maximum_PPS]
 +
* '''FPPS''' - Full Pay Per Share. Similar to PPS,but not only divide regular block reward (12.5 BTC for now) but also some of the transaction fees.  Calculate a standard transaction fee within a certain period and distribute it to miners according to their hash power contributions in the pool. It will increase the miners' earnings by sharing some of the transaction fees.
 +
 
 +
A statistically valid analysis of some pools and their payout methods: [http://organofcorti.blogspot.com/ Bitcoin network and pool analysis]
  
{| class="wikitable sortable"
+
{| class="wikitable sortable" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
! Name                !! Location            !! Size<ref name="hashrate2"/>
 +
!                                                        Merged Mining<ref name="merged"/>
 +
!                                                                    Reward Type            !! Transaction fees!!PPS Fee!!Other Fee!! [[File:Stm.png|link=Stratum_mining_protocol]] !! [[getblocktemplate|GBT]]
 +
! Launched  !! Variance                    !! Forum                                      !! Website
 
|-
 
|-
! Name !! Location !! GH/s<ref name="hashrate2">Note that pool hashrate is largely irrelevant but can be seen as a popularity measurement. Note however that it is a theoretical security issue if one pool gains above 50% of the total computational power of the network, thus consider joining a pool based on other metrics.</ref> !! Merged Mining<ref name="merged">Merged mining allows miners to mine on multiple [[block chains]] at the same time with the same hashing.</ref> !! Reward Type !! Transaction fees !! Fee PPS !! Fee Prop / Score !! Protocol !! Launched !! Difficulty !! Forum !! Website
+
| [[AntPool]]        || China                || Large || No      || PPLNS & PPS            || {{PoolFees}}    || 2.5% || 0%      || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| ?          || ?                            || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=855548 link]  || [https://www.antpool.com/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[50BTC]] || Germany || 2500 || ? || PPS<ref name="stales">Pool also rewards stale shares</ref> || kept by pool ||3% || || getwork || 2011-11-11 || 1 || [http://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=54673.0 Link] || [http://50btc.com/ Link]
+
| [[BCMonster.com]]       ||{{flag|us|}}{{flag|eu}}{{flag|cn|}} || Small || No      || PPLNS                  || {{SharedFees}}  ||       ||     0.5% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2016-01-13 ||   Dynamic ||   [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1327077.0 link]                               || [http://www.bcmonster.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Bitcash.cz|Bitcash.cz]] || Czech Republic || 6 || ? || Prop. || kept by pool || || 0% || getwork || 2011-07-21 || 1 || [http://bitcash.cz/forum/ Link] ||  
+
| [[BitcoinAffiliateNetwork]]     || {{flag|us|}}{{flag|eu}}{{flag|cn|}}{{flag|nl|}}{{flag|au|}}      ||   ?   || [[NMC]], [[DOGE]] || ?        || {{PoolFees}}    ||   ? ||   ?    ||   {{Yes}}    ||
[http://bitcash.cz/pool/ Link]
+
| 2014-07-15 || User/Dynamic          || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=722202.0  link] || [http://mining.bitcoinaffiliatenetwork.com/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Bitclockers|BitClockers]] || USA, EU || 235 || [[NMC]] || PPS || kept by pool || 8% || || getwork || 2011-05-27 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=10127.0 Link] || [http://bitclockers.com/ Link]
+
| [[BitMinter]]       || {{flag|us}}{{flag|ca|label=1}}{{flag|eu}}          || Small || [[NMC]] || PPLNSG                  || {{SharedFees}}  ||     ||      1% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2011-06-26 || User<ref name="changeable"/>/Dynamic || [https://bitcointalk.org/?topic=788753  link] || [https://bitminter.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Bitcoin_Pool|Bitcoin Mining Pool]] || USA || 58 || ? || Prop. || kept by pool || || 0%<ref name="donations">Donations are possible</ref> || getwork || Unknown || 1 || [http://bitcoinpool.com/forum/ Link] || [http://www.bitcoinpool.com/ Link]
+
| [[BTC.com]]         || {{flag|cn}}{{flag|us|}}{{flag|eu}}              || Medium || [[NMC]]      || FPPS          || {{SharedFees}}    || 0% || 4%      || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2016-09-13          ||     User                    || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1827718.0 link] || [https://pool.btc.com/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Bitcoin_Pooled_Mining|Bitcoin Pooled Mining (Slush)]] || EU/London || 1430 || [[NMC]] || Score || kept by pool || || 2% || getwork || 2010-11-27 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=1976.0 Link] || [http://mining.bitcoin.cz/ Link]
+
| [[BTCC Pool]]           || China, Japan      || Large    || [[NMC]]       || PPS                      || {{PoolFees}}    || 2.0%    || 0%       || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}}
|-
+
| 2014-10-21          || Dynamic                            || ?                                     || [https://pool.btcc.com link]
| [[Bitcoins.lc]] || EU || 70 || ? || Prop. || kept by pool || || 0% || getwork || 2011-05-27 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=10121.0 Link] || [http://www.bitcoins.lc/ Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Bitparking]] || San Diego || 170 || [[NMC]], I0C, IXC, [[Devcoin]] || PPS || kept by pool || 2.5% || || getwork || 2012-01-08 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=57148.0 Link] || [http://mmpool.bitparking.com/pool Link]
+
| [[BTCDig]]         || {{flag|us|label=1}}||    Small || No      || DGM                  || {{PoolFees}}    ||     ||     0% || {{Yes}}    ||
 +
| 2013-07-04 || User<ref name="changeable"/>/Dynamic 20SPM                      || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=249627  link] || [http://btcdig.com/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[BitMinter]] || Germany || 700 || [[NMC]] || PPLNS || shared || || 0% || getwork || 2011-06-26 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=27062.0 Link] || [https://bitminter.com Link]
+
| [[btcmp.com]]       || {{flag|de|label=1}}||   Small || No      || PPS                    || {{PoolFees}}    ||   4% || || {{Yes}} ||
 +
| 2011-06-28 || Diff 1                       ||                                             || [http://www.btcmp.com/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[BitPenny]] || USA || 3 || No || CPPSRB || 97% shared || 3% || || BlkPrep<ref name="local">Miner-local getwork proxy available.</ref> || 2011-02-08 || 8 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=36371.0 Link] || [http://bitpenny.com/ Link]
+
| [[btcZPool.com]]       || {{flag|us|label=1}}||   Large || BitCoinZ      || PPLNS                    || {{SharedFees}} || 1% ||     0% || {{Yes}} ||
 +
| 2017-06-25 || VarDiff                      ||                                             || [http://www.btcZPool.com/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[BTC Canada]] || Canada || 110 || ? || PPLNS || kept by pool || 1.5% || 1.5% || getwork || 2012-08-08 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=99741.0/ Link] || [https://btccan.com/ Link]
+
| [[BW Mining]]     || China                || Medium || ?       || PPLNS & PPS            || ?              || ?    || ?      || {{Yes}} ||
 +
| ?          || ?                            || ?                                           || [https://www.bw.com/pool link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[BTC Guild]] || USA, EU || 2000 || [[NMC]] || PPS || kept by pool || 5% || || getwork || 2011-05-09 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=7760.0 Link] || [http://www.btcguild.com/ Link]
+
| [[Eligius]]         || {{flag|us|label=1}}|| Small || [[NMC]] || CPPSRB                  || {{SharedFees}}  ||   ||    0%   || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}}
 +
| 2011-04-27 || Dynamic: 32 shares/m        || [https://bitcointalk.org/?topic=441465  link] || [http://eligius.st link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[BTCMine]] || UK || 50 || ? || Score || kept by pool || || 2% || getwork || 2011-03-11 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=4251.0 Link] || [http://www.btcmine.com/ Link]
+
| [[F2Pool]]         || {{flag|us|}}{{flag|eu|}}{{flag|cn|}}                || Large || LTC, NMC, SYS, EMC || PPS+                    || {{SharedFees}}    || 2.5%   ||   0%    || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2013-05-05 || Dynamic              || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=700411.0 link] || [https://www.f2pool.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[btcmp.com]] || Germany || 160 || ? || PPS || kept by pool || 4% || 0% || getwork || 2011-06-28 || 1 ||  || [http://www.btcmp.com/ Link]
+
| [[GHash.IO]]       || {{flag|nl|label=1}}|| Small || [[NMC]], IXC, [[Devcoin]]      || PPLNS                  || {{SharedFees}}  ||       ||     0% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2013-07-01 ||           User<ref name="changeable"/> ||   [https://support.cex.io link]                                || [https://ghash.io/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Coinotron|Coinotron]] || Poland || 7 || ? || DGM || kept by pool || || 0% || getwork || 2011-07-06 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=26727.0 Link] || [http://www.coinotron.com Link]
+
| [[Give Me COINS]]   || {{flag|us}}{{flag|eu}}          || Small || [[NMC]]  || PPLNS                  || {{SharedFees}}    ||   || 0%|| {{Yes}} || {{Yes}}
 +
| 2013-08-12 || Dynamic        || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=272017.0 link] || [http://give-me-coins.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[DeepBit]] || Germany || 3350 || No || PPS / Prop. || kept by pool || 10% || 3% || getwork || 2011-02-26 ||1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=3889.0 Link] || [http://deepbit.net/ Link]
+
| [[Golden Nonce Pool]]         || {{flag|us}}{{flag|eu}}|| Small || No     || DGM                || {{PoolFees}}    ||     ||     0% || {{Yes}} ||  
 +
| 2018-03-27 || Dynamic || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=3208073;all  link]   || [https://goldennoncepool.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Eclipse Mining Consortium]] || USA / Europe / AU / Asia || 1400 || [[NMC]] || DGM / PPS || kept by pool || 5% || 0% || getwork || 2011-06-14 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=16385.0 Link] || [https://eclipsemc.com Link]
+
| [[Jonny Bravo's Mining Emporium]]       ||{{flag|us|}}{{flag|eu}} || Small || No      || PPLNS                  || {{SharedFees}}  ||       ||     0.5% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2015-11-19 ||   Dynamic ||   [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1330452.0 link]                               || [http://www.bravo-mining.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Eligius]] || Germany || 400 <!-- don't update this just because you catch us at a low instance; pools have variance just like any other miner --> || [[NMC]] || SMPPS || kept by pool || 0%<ref name="donations">Donations are possible</ref> || || getwork, getmemorypool<ref name="local"/> || 2011-04-27 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=23768.msg298069#msg298069 Link] || [http://eligius.st Link]
+
| [[KanoPool]]         || {{flag|us}}{{flag|sg}}{{flag|de}}{{flag|jp}}{{flag|nl}} || Medium || No      || PPLNSG                || {{SharedFees}}    ||     ||     0.9% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2014-09-20 || User<ref name="changeable"/>/Dynamic 18SPM || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=789369.0 link]   || [http://www.kano.is link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Horrible Horrendous Terrible Tremendous]] || ? || 6 || No || PPS || kept by pool || || 2% || getwork || 2012-08-29 || Miner-controlled || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=95378.0 Link]] || [http://hhtt.1209k.com/ Link]
+
| [[kmdPool.org]]       || {{flag|us|label=1}}||   Large || Komodo      || PPLNS                    || {{SharedFees}} || 1% ||     0% || {{Yes}} ||
 +
| 2017-11-25 || VarDiff                      ||                                             || [http://www.kmdPool.org/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Mining Team Reddit (MtRed)]] || USA, EU || 629 || [[NMC]] || PPS || shared || 0% || || getwork || 2011-05-25 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=15929.0 1] [http://reddit.com/r/mtred/ 2] || [http://www.mtred.com/ Link]
+
| [[Merge Mining Pool]]     || {{flag|us|label=1}}|| Small || [[NMC]], IXC, [[Devcoin]]
 +
|                                                                   DGM                    || {{SharedFees}}    ||     || 1.5%   || {{Yes}}    || {{No}}
 +
| 2012-01-08 || User<ref name="changeable"/> || [http://bitcointalk.org/?topic=57148  link] || [http://mmpool.org link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ozco.in]] || USA/EU/AUS || 800 || [[NMC]] on DGM || DGM / PPS || shared on DGM || 5% || 3%DGM || getwork || 2011-06-07 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=14085.0 Link] || [https://www.ozcoin.net Link]
+
| [[MergeMining]]         || Global          ||   Small || CRW, DVC, HUC, I0C, IXC, XMY/MYR, NMC, SYS, UNO, TRC, ARG, EMC || PPLNS  || {{SharedFees}}  ||     ||     1% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2016-12-01|| User<ref name="changeable"/> || || [https://mergemining.com link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[P2Pool]] || Earth (P2P) || 500 || Yes/Solo<ref>P2Pool supports merged mining but payouts in the merged chain are not pooled.</ref> || PPLNS || shared || || 0%<ref>People are donating ''to'' P2Pool miners to encourage people to use it. The P2Pool author also accepts optional donations.</ref> || Proprietary<ref name="local"/> || 2011-06-17 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=18313.0 Link] || [https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/P2Pool Link]
+
| [[Multipool]]         || {{flag|us}}{{flag|eu}}      ||   Small || [[NMC]] || Score                    || {{SharedFees}}    ||     ||     1.5% ||     {{Yes}}    || {{No}}
 +
| 2012-03-15 || User                      || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=311067.0 link] || [https://www.multipool.us/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[pool.itzod.ru]] || Russia || 200 || Converted to BC || RSMPPS || shared || 0% || || getwork || 2011-08-01 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=25127.0 Link] [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=44024.0 Link] || [https://pool.itzod.ru/ Link]
+
| [[P2Pool]]         || Global (p2p)          ||   Small || Merged mining can be done on a "solo mining" basis <ref name="solomm"/> || PPLNS  || {{SharedFees}}  ||     ||      0% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
|-  
+
| 2011-06-17 || User<ref name="changeable"/> || [http://bitcointalk.org/?topic=18313 link] ||
| [[PolMine]] || Poland || 110 || No || SMPPS || shared || 1% ||  || getwork || 2011-06-13 || 1 || [http://forum.polmine.pl/ Link] || [https://polmine.pl/?setlang=en Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Triplemining]] || Europe || 90 || On hold || PPLNS || kept by pool || || 0% <ref name="jackpot">Triplemining keeps 1% to redistribute using a weekly jackpot and affiliations</ref> || getwork, getmemorypool<ref name="local"/> || 2011-06-28 || 1 || [http://forum.bitcoin.org/index.php?topic=23664.0 Link] || [http://tinyurl.com/triplemining Link]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| [[pool.mkalinin.ru]] || Russia || 40 || No || PPLNS || kept by pool || || 0% || getwork || 2011-07-20 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=30703.0 Link] || [http://pool.mkalinin.ru/ Link]
+
| [[Poolin]]         || Global                ||   Medium ||[[NMC]] [[DOGE]] VCASH || FPPS  || {{SharedFees}}  ||     ||     4% || {{Yes}} || {{Yes}}
 +
| 2017-10-01 || Dynamic || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5169994.0 link] ||  [https://poolin.com/  link]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Slush Pool]]
 +
|                        Global              || Medium || [[NMC]] || Score                  || {{SharedFees}}  ||      ||      2% || {{Yes}} || {{No}}
 +
| 2010-11-27 || User<ref name="changeable"/> || [http://bitcointalk.org/?topic=1976  link] || [https://slushpool.com/ link]
 +
|-
 +
| [[ZenPool.org]]      || {{flag|us|label=1}}||    Large || ZenCash      || PPLNS                    || {{SharedFees}} || 1% ||      0% ||  {{Yes}} ||
 +
| 2017-10-25 || VarDiff                      ||                                            || [http://www.ZenPool.org/ link]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[alvarez.sfek.kz]] || Kazakhstan || 3 || No || PPLNS || kept by pool || || 0% || getwork || 2012-04-19 || 1 || [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=80135.0 Link] || [http://alvarez.sfek.kz/ Link]
 
 
|}
 
|}
<references/>
+
 
 +
== SPV Mining / Old Bitcoin Core ==
 +
 
 +
The following pools are known or strongly suspected to be mining on top of blocks before fully validating them with Bitcoin Core 0.9.5 or later.  Miners doing this have already lost over $50,000 USD during the 4 July 2015 fork and have created a situation where small numbers of confirmations are much less useful than they normally are.
 +
 
 +
* BTC Nuggets
 +
* [https://www.f2pool.com/ F2Pool]<ref name="spv_despite_incident">[https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=700411.msg11790734#msg11790734 Intention to continue SPV mining], Wang Chun, 4 July 2015</ref>
 +
* AntPool<ref name="spv_despite_incident" />
 +
 
 +
The following pools are believed to be currently fully validating blocks with Bitcoin Core 0.9.5 or later (0.10.2 or later recommended due to DoS vulnerabilities):
 +
 
 +
* [[BitMinter]]
 +
* BTC China (described as SPV mining<ref name="spv_despite_incident" />, but they're performing effective valiation)
 +
* [[BTC Public Mining Pool]]
 +
* [[CKPool]]
 +
* [[Eligius]]
 +
* [[Golden Nonce Pool]]
 +
* [[P2Pool]]
 +
* [[Bitcoin Pooled Mining|Slush Pool]]
 +
* [[BCMonster.com]]
 +
* [[Jonny Bravo's Mining Emporium]]
 +
 
 +
== References ==
 +
 
 +
<references>
 +
 
 +
<ref name="hashrate2">Note that pool hashrate is largely irrelevant but can be seen as a popularity measurement. It is a theoretical security issue if one pool gains above 50% of the total computational power of the network, thus consider joining a pool based on other metrics. The pool's total hash rate is very dynamic on most pools. Over time, as the network grows, so does most pool's hash rates. The displayed values are the pool's relative sizes based on the network: Small: less than 2%, Medium: 2%-10% Large: greater than 10% of the network.</ref>
 +
 
 +
<ref name="merged">Merged mining allows miners to mine on multiple [[block chains]] at the same time with the same hashing.</ref>
 +
 
 +
<ref name="changeable">The difficulty of the shares can be changed by the user.</ref>
 +
<ref name="solomm">Merged mining can be done on a "solo mining" basis (payouts in the merged chain are not pooled).</ref>
 +
</references>
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
*[[Pooled mining]]
+
* [[Pooled mining]]
*[http://bcx.me/ Bitcoin Mining Pool Tracker]
+
* [https://www.blocktrail.com/BTC/pools Pool Distribution Summary]
*[http://blockorigin.pfoe.be/chart.php Hashrate distribution pie chart]
+
* [https://www.bitcoinmining.com/ Bitcoin Mining]
 
+
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GmOzih6I1zs Video: What is Bitcoin Mining]
 +
* [https://www.bitcoinmining.com/bitcoin-mining-pools/ Bitcoin Mining Pools]
 +
* [https://bitcoinchain.com/pools Bitcoin Mining Pools Comparison]
 
[[Category:Mining]]
 
[[Category:Mining]]
 +
{{Pools}}

Latest revision as of 04:43, 25 September 2019

Reward types & explanation:

  • CPPSRB - Capped Pay Per Share with Recent Backpay. [1]
  • DGM - Double Geometric Method. A hybrid between PPLNS and Geometric reward types that enables to operator to absorb some of the variance risk. Operator receives portion of payout on short rounds and returns it on longer rounds to normalize payments. [2]
  • ESMPPS - Equalized Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but equalizes payments fairly among all those who are owed. [3]
  • POT - Pay On Target. A high variance PPS variant that pays on the difficulty of work returned to pool rather than the difficulty of work served by pool [4]
  • PPLNS - Pay Per Last N Shares. Similar to proportional, but instead of looking at the number of shares in the round, instead looks at the last N shares, regardless of round boundaries.
  • PPLNSG - Pay Per Last N Groups (or shifts). Similar to PPLNS, but shares are grouped into "shifts" which are paid as a whole.
  • PPS - Pay Per Share. Each submitted share is worth certain amount of BTC. Since finding a block requires <current difficulty> shares on average, a PPS method with 0% fee would be 12.5 BTC divided by <current difficulty>. It is risky for pool operators, hence the fee is highest.
  • Prop. - Proportional. When block is found, the reward is distributed among all workers proportionally to how much shares each of them has found.
  • RSMPPS - Recent Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like SMPPS, but system aims to prioritize the most recent miners first. [5]
  • Score - Score based system: a proportional reward, but weighed by time submitted. Each submitted share is worth more in the function of time t since start of current round. For each share score is updated by: score += exp(t/C). This makes later shares worth much more than earlier shares, thus the miner's score quickly diminishes when they stop mining on the pool. Rewards are calculated proportionally to scores (and not to shares). (at slush's pool C=300 seconds, and every hour scores are normalized)
  • SMPPS - Shared Maximum Pay Per Share. Like Pay Per Share, but never pays more than the pool earns. [6]
  • FPPS - Full Pay Per Share. Similar to PPS,but not only divide regular block reward (12.5 BTC for now) but also some of the transaction fees. Calculate a standard transaction fee within a certain period and distribute it to miners according to their hash power contributions in the pool. It will increase the miners' earnings by sharing some of the transaction fees.

A statistically valid analysis of some pools and their payout methods: Bitcoin network and pool analysis

Name Location Size[1] Merged Mining[2] Reward Type Transaction fees PPS Fee Other Fee Stm.png GBT Launched Variance Forum Website
AntPool China Large No PPLNS & PPS kept by pool 2.5% 0% Yes No  ?  ? link link
BCMonster.com United StatesEuropeChina Small No PPLNS shared 0.5% Yes No 2016-01-13 Dynamic link link
BitcoinAffiliateNetwork United StatesEuropeChinaNetherlandsAustralia  ? NMC, DOGE  ? kept by pool  ?  ? Yes 2014-07-15 User/Dynamic link link
BitMinter United StatesEurope Small NMC PPLNSG shared 1% Yes No 2011-06-26 User[3]/Dynamic link link
BTC.com ChinaUnited StatesEurope Medium NMC FPPS shared 0% 4% Yes No 2016-09-13 User link link
BTCC Pool China, Japan Large NMC PPS kept by pool 2.0% 0% Yes Yes 2014-10-21 Dynamic  ? link
BTCDig United States Small No DGM kept by pool 0% Yes 2013-07-04 User[3]/Dynamic 20SPM link link
btcmp.com Germany Small No PPS kept by pool 4% Yes 2011-06-28 Diff 1 link
btcZPool.com United States Large BitCoinZ PPLNS shared 1% 0% Yes 2017-06-25 VarDiff link
BW Mining China Medium  ? PPLNS & PPS  ?  ?  ? Yes  ?  ?  ? link
Eligius United States Small NMC CPPSRB shared 0% Yes Yes 2011-04-27 Dynamic: 32 shares/m link link
F2Pool United StatesEuropeChina Large LTC, NMC, SYS, EMC PPS+ shared 2.5% 0% Yes No 2013-05-05 Dynamic link link
GHash.IO Netherlands Small NMC, IXC, Devcoin PPLNS shared 0% Yes No 2013-07-01 User[3] link link
Give Me COINS United StatesEurope Small NMC PPLNS shared 0% Yes Yes 2013-08-12 Dynamic link link
Golden Nonce Pool United StatesEurope Small No DGM kept by pool 0% Yes 2018-03-27 Dynamic link link
Jonny Bravo's Mining Emporium United StatesEurope Small No PPLNS shared 0.5% Yes No 2015-11-19 Dynamic link link
KanoPool United StatesSingaporeGermanyJapanNetherlands Medium No PPLNSG shared 0.9% Yes No 2014-09-20 User[3]/Dynamic 18SPM link link
kmdPool.org United States Large Komodo PPLNS shared 1% 0% Yes 2017-11-25 VarDiff link
Merge Mining Pool United States Small NMC, IXC, Devcoin DGM shared 1.5% Yes No 2012-01-08 User[3] link link
MergeMining Global Small CRW, DVC, HUC, I0C, IXC, XMY/MYR, NMC, SYS, UNO, TRC, ARG, EMC PPLNS shared 1% Yes No 2016-12-01 User[3] link
Multipool United StatesEurope Small NMC Score shared 1.5% Yes No 2012-03-15 User link link
P2Pool Global (p2p) Small Merged mining can be done on a "solo mining" basis [4] PPLNS shared 0% Yes No 2011-06-17 User[3] link
Poolin Global Medium NMC DOGE VCASH FPPS shared 4% Yes Yes 2017-10-01 Dynamic link link
Slush Pool Global Medium NMC Score shared 2% Yes No 2010-11-27 User[3] link link
ZenPool.org United States Large ZenCash PPLNS shared 1% 0% Yes 2017-10-25 VarDiff link

SPV Mining / Old Bitcoin Core

The following pools are known or strongly suspected to be mining on top of blocks before fully validating them with Bitcoin Core 0.9.5 or later. Miners doing this have already lost over $50,000 USD during the 4 July 2015 fork and have created a situation where small numbers of confirmations are much less useful than they normally are.

The following pools are believed to be currently fully validating blocks with Bitcoin Core 0.9.5 or later (0.10.2 or later recommended due to DoS vulnerabilities):

References

  1. Note that pool hashrate is largely irrelevant but can be seen as a popularity measurement. It is a theoretical security issue if one pool gains above 50% of the total computational power of the network, thus consider joining a pool based on other metrics. The pool's total hash rate is very dynamic on most pools. Over time, as the network grows, so does most pool's hash rates. The displayed values are the pool's relative sizes based on the network: Small: less than 2%, Medium: 2%-10% Large: greater than 10% of the network.
  2. Merged mining allows miners to mine on multiple block chains at the same time with the same hashing.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 The difficulty of the shares can be changed by the user.
  4. Merged mining can be done on a "solo mining" basis (payouts in the merged chain are not pooled).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Intention to continue SPV mining, Wang Chun, 4 July 2015

See also