Difference between revisions of "Help:Installing Bitcoin Core"

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一个帐户可以毫不费力地创建使用的[[电子钱包]] 服务。 e钱包提供在线钱包保存你的bitcoins。
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An account can effortlessly be created using an [[eWallet]] service. eWallet services provide an online wallet to hold your bitcoins.
  
这个导航包含了教你如何安装bitcoin且无需第三方交易服务。
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This guide covers installing Bitcoin without needing a third party wallet service.
  
 +
== For Windows Computers ==
  
== 使用windows系统的电脑 ==
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Download Windows Bitcoin Wallet at [https://bitcoin.org/en/download http://bitcoin.org/en/download] available in 64bit and 32bit.
  
=== 安装 ===
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-welcome-install.jpeg|frame|none|Welcome Wizard Screen]]
[http://sourceforge.net/projects/bitcoin/ 下载] 并且安装 Bitcoin..
 
  
[[File:Install fin.png|frame|none|完成安装步骤]]
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Click Next to start installation.
  
=== 初始化 ===
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-location-install.jpg|frame|none|Destination Folder Screen]]
  
当你第一次运行Bitcoin, 它需要下载blocks设备. 你便获得了你的bitcoin地址, 但是在初始化完成前你不会看到任何交易(可能需要数小时)。
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(Optional) Choose preferred directory then click Next.
  
[[File:First time run fin.png|frame|none|Bitcoin is initialising by establishing a connection to other clients and downloading the blocks.]]
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-start-menu-folder.jpg|frame|none|Choose Start Menu Screen]]
  
[[File:Bitcoin all blocks fin.png|frame|none|完成下载block链.]]
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Click Install.
  
你的地址(想要多少有多少)会在最上面。 最开始你的余额为零。 账单上会显示你的交易
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-installation-complete.jpg|frame|none|Installation Screen]]
  
== 使用 Mac 系统电脑==
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Wait until installation completes then click Next.
  
下载[http://sourceforge.net/projects/bitcoin/files/Bitcoin/bitcoin-0.3.19/bitcoin-0.3.19-macosx.zip/下载 OS X 版本]bitcoins拓展存储文件。
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-finish-install.jpg|frame|none|Finish Screen]]
  
[[File:BcOSX.png|thumb|none|Contents of the Bitcoin archive after expansion]]
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Click Finish to start Bitcoin Wallet.
  
Drag the Bitcoin icon to the desired install location, and double-click or Cmd-O (⌘O) to run the application. The Bitcoin window will open and connections will start up in minutes. The blocks will begin downloading. Your address and balance are at the top of the window. Click "Copy to Clipboard" to copy your address. Transactions are displayed in the main window.
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-data-directory.jpg|frame|none|Welcome Screen of Bitcoin Core Wallet]]
  
[[File:BcOSXrunning.png|thumb|none|Main window]]
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On the first load, Bitcoin Qt will ask you to choose directory where your Bitcoin block chain and wallet.dat will be stored. Click OK when done.
  
As Bitcoin currently does not support hiding with Cmd-H (⌘H), it is recommended that users tick the "Minimize on close" option in the Preferences menu to prevent accidental program exits.
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== For Mac OS Computers ==
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Download Mac Bitcoin Wallet at http://bitcoin.org/en/download and expand the disk image.
  
[[File:BcOSXPreferences.png|thumb|none|Preferences window on OS X]]
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[[File:BcOSX.png|frame|none|Contents of the Bitcoin disk image after expansion]]
  
== 如何得到第一个钱币 ==
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Drag the Bitcoin icon to the desired install location, and double-click the icon to run the application.
  
[[Bitcoin水龙头]] [https://freebitcoins.appspot.com/ website] 通常会给每个新用户0.05个bitcoin在你的bitcoin地址中。如果你想得到更多bitcoin,请点击[[购买bitcoins]]。
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== Initialization ==
  
从网络中获得免费的bitcoin。
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The Bitcoin window will open and connections will start up in minutes. The blocks will begin downloading.  
 
 
[[File:Get some btc.png|frame|none|Getting free coins from the Faucet]]
 
  
A new entry should appear in Bitcoin. The network hasn't yet confirmed it, but you know it's being processed. After about one hour it should get 6 confirmations. You are able to spend the coins when there is only one confirmation.
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At this point, it is recommended to encrypt your wallet before receiving any bitcoins. Encrypting later may leave earlier addresses vulnerable to theft in the case that the system is compromised. This can be done from the Settings menu using the Encrypt Wallet function.
 +
 
 +
[[File:Bitcoin-qt-main-window.jpg|frame|none|Main window]]
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-preferences.jpg|frame|none|Preferences window on Windows]]
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 +
Your wallet will automatically have your first bitcoin address.
 +
 
 +
[[File:Bitcoin-qt-receiving-address.jpg|frame|none|Receive coins window]]
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== Getting my first coins ==
 +
 
 +
You can get your first coins from [[Bitcoin Faucet|Bitcoin faucets]] which gives small amount of BTC for free.
 +
 
 +
The client will eventually show the transaction.
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 +
[[File:Bitcoin-qt-receive-transaction.png|frame|none]]
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After about one hour the transaction should get 6 confirmations. You are able to spend the coins once the transaction shows at least one confirmation.
  
 
The confirmation counter (like the block counter) will increase by one roughly every 10 minutes. Six confirmations are considered as 100% sure a transfer has been processed.
 
The confirmation counter (like the block counter) will increase by one roughly every 10 minutes. Six confirmations are considered as 100% sure a transfer has been processed.
  
[[File:First btc recv.png|frame|none]]
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[[File:Bitcoin-qt-receive-transaction-confirmed.png|frame|none|Transaction once confirmed]]
  
[[File:Six confirms bitcoin client.png|frame|none]]
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== Buying Bitcoins ==
 +
 
 +
Bitcoins can be bought from individuals, on trading exchanges or from other online services. See the main page about [[Buying bitcoins|Buying Bitcoins]] for more information.
  
 
== Points to remember ==
 
== Points to remember ==
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* You can be [[Anonymity|anonymous]] with adequate precautions.
 
* You can be [[Anonymity|anonymous]] with adequate precautions.
 
* You cannot send BTC to an invalid address. Typos are not a worry as the payment will refuse to send.
 
* You cannot send BTC to an invalid address. Typos are not a worry as the payment will refuse to send.
* The wallet file holds the keys that allow spending and thus the computer should be [[Securing_your_wallet|protected]] from the risk of loss and theft.
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* The [[Wallet|wallet]] file holds the keys that allow spending and thus the computer should be [[Securing_your_wallet|protected]] from the risk of loss and theft.
 +
* Leaving Bitcoin open improves connectivity for the network and ensures that you don't fall behind on the block chain. Also see [[FAQ#Do_I_need_to_configure_my_firewall_to_run_bitcoin?|the FAQ about port forwarding]]
  
 
Proceed to the [[Introduction|introduction]]
 
Proceed to the [[Introduction|introduction]]
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== Technical ==
 
== Technical ==
 
=== Block chain ===
 
=== Block chain ===
The [[block chain]] is a neverending story of every transaction throughout the network from day 1 (genesis). The first time you run Bitcoin, it is downloaded and verified on your computer. Every new transaction is added to the end of this chain and verified by the network to be valid.
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The [[block chain]] is a never-ending story of every transaction throughout the network from day 1 (genesis). The first time you run Bitcoin, it is downloaded and verified on your computer. Every new transaction is added to the end of this chain and verified by the network to be valid.
  
 
=== Addresses ===
 
=== Addresses ===
Whenever you send a coin, you are actually sending a cryptographically signed message, associating your coin with the recipient's address. This effectively transfers ownership to to the recipient. Once they own the coin, they are free to transfer it to another person.
+
Whenever you send a coin, you are actually sending a cryptographically signed message, associating your coin with the recipient's address. This effectively transfers ownership to the recipient. Once they own the coin, they are free to transfer it to another person.
  
 
A wallet is a collection of addresses. You can create as many new addresses as you wish; having more addresses makes you more anonymous, because then people cannot see how much BTC you received. Your wallet contains the secret keys used for spending that money, and must be [[Securing your wallet|backed-up regularly]]. If you lose the wallet then you no longer possess the money.
 
A wallet is a collection of addresses. You can create as many new addresses as you wish; having more addresses makes you more anonymous, because then people cannot see how much BTC you received. Your wallet contains the secret keys used for spending that money, and must be [[Securing your wallet|backed-up regularly]]. If you lose the wallet then you no longer possess the money.
  
 
=== Generating ===
 
=== Generating ===
New coins are minted through generating hashes. These generators are rewarded with a small fee for the computationally intensive task of incorporating your transactions into the block-chain. This fee halves each time 210000 blocks are added to the block chain, or approximately every 4 years. The fee will keep halving until it effectively reaches zero, at which point 21 million coins will be in circulation.
+
New coins are mined through generating hashes. These generators are rewarded with a small fee for the computationally intensive task of incorporating your transactions into the block-chain. This fee halves each time 210000 blocks are added to the block chain, or approximately every 4 years. The fee will keep halving until it effectively reaches zero, at which point 21 million coins will be in circulation.
  
 
[[Category:Introduction]]
 
[[Category:Introduction]]
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[[de:Erste Schritte]]
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[[zh-cn:入门]]
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 +
{{Bitcoin Core documentation}}

Latest revision as of 10:43, 29 October 2017

An account can effortlessly be created using an eWallet service. eWallet services provide an online wallet to hold your bitcoins.

This guide covers installing Bitcoin without needing a third party wallet service.

For Windows Computers

Download Windows Bitcoin Wallet at http://bitcoin.org/en/download available in 64bit and 32bit.

Welcome Wizard Screen

Click Next to start installation.

Destination Folder Screen

(Optional) Choose preferred directory then click Next.

Choose Start Menu Screen

Click Install.

Installation Screen

Wait until installation completes then click Next.

Finish Screen

Click Finish to start Bitcoin Wallet.

Welcome Screen of Bitcoin Core Wallet

On the first load, Bitcoin Qt will ask you to choose directory where your Bitcoin block chain and wallet.dat will be stored. Click OK when done.

For Mac OS Computers

Download Mac Bitcoin Wallet at http://bitcoin.org/en/download and expand the disk image.

Contents of the Bitcoin disk image after expansion

Drag the Bitcoin icon to the desired install location, and double-click the icon to run the application.

Initialization

The Bitcoin window will open and connections will start up in minutes. The blocks will begin downloading.

At this point, it is recommended to encrypt your wallet before receiving any bitcoins. Encrypting later may leave earlier addresses vulnerable to theft in the case that the system is compromised. This can be done from the Settings menu using the Encrypt Wallet function.

Main window
Preferences window on Windows

Your wallet will automatically have your first bitcoin address.

Receive coins window

Getting my first coins

You can get your first coins from Bitcoin faucets which gives small amount of BTC for free.

The client will eventually show the transaction.

Bitcoin-qt-receive-transaction.png

After about one hour the transaction should get 6 confirmations. You are able to spend the coins once the transaction shows at least one confirmation.

The confirmation counter (like the block counter) will increase by one roughly every 10 minutes. Six confirmations are considered as 100% sure a transfer has been processed.

Transaction once confirmed

Buying Bitcoins

Bitcoins can be bought from individuals, on trading exchanges or from other online services. See the main page about Buying Bitcoins for more information.

Points to remember

  • You don't need to be online to receive BTC.
  • You can create as many new addresses as you like. Using a different address each time helps keep you anonymous.
  • You can be anonymous with adequate precautions.
  • You cannot send BTC to an invalid address. Typos are not a worry as the payment will refuse to send.
  • The wallet file holds the keys that allow spending and thus the computer should be protected from the risk of loss and theft.
  • Leaving Bitcoin open improves connectivity for the network and ensures that you don't fall behind on the block chain. Also see the FAQ about port forwarding

Proceed to the introduction

Technical

Block chain

The block chain is a never-ending story of every transaction throughout the network from day 1 (genesis). The first time you run Bitcoin, it is downloaded and verified on your computer. Every new transaction is added to the end of this chain and verified by the network to be valid.

Addresses

Whenever you send a coin, you are actually sending a cryptographically signed message, associating your coin with the recipient's address. This effectively transfers ownership to the recipient. Once they own the coin, they are free to transfer it to another person.

A wallet is a collection of addresses. You can create as many new addresses as you wish; having more addresses makes you more anonymous, because then people cannot see how much BTC you received. Your wallet contains the secret keys used for spending that money, and must be backed-up regularly. If you lose the wallet then you no longer possess the money.

Generating

New coins are mined through generating hashes. These generators are rewarded with a small fee for the computationally intensive task of incorporating your transactions into the block-chain. This fee halves each time 210000 blocks are added to the block chain, or approximately every 4 years. The fee will keep halving until it effectively reaches zero, at which point 21 million coins will be in circulation.