Difference between revisions of "Comparison of cryptocurrencies"

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This article aims to list relevant cryptocurrencies, even those too minor to have their own wiki entry. See also [[:Category:Alternative cryptocurrencies]]
 
  
It is based [https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=134179.0 on this thread].
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The cryptocurrency market is explosive which currently serves hundreds of currencies. Almost all of them are obvious scams—including many which purport to have a large market cap. This article aims to list only the most relevant cryptocurrencies in terms of novel technological advancements or strong engineering teams, or due to widespread awareness thereof. Direct, low-level scams should not be listed here.
  
= Currencies =
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
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! style="width: 100px;" | Cryptocurrency
The order / grouping of these coins are still TBD.
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! Exchange symbol
 
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! Launched
[[User:Ripper234|Ripper234]] proposes a grouping of Major, Minor and New by an arbitrary market cap limit. This can be done once the market caps of the alts are known.
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! Anonymity
* Using market cap will make Tonal Bitcoin a "Major" despite de facto minor usage. Therefore, I suggest finding a different method of categorizing. --[[User:Luke-jr|Luke-jr]] ([[User talk:Luke-jr|talk]]) 05:06, 4 March 2013 (GMT)
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! Max supply
 
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! Algorithm
 
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! Proof Type
== Major ==
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! Notes
=== Bitcoin (BTC) ===
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! Website
* http://bitcoin.org/  
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|-
* blocks every '''10 min'''
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Bitcoin.png|16px|link=]] [[Bitcoin]]
* coin supply* '''21 million''' coins will be available
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| BTC
* difficulty adjustment* '''2016 blocks'''
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| 2009-01-03
* hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
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| {{no|Low}}
* Initial Reward '''50 '''coins per block
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| style="text-align: right" | ~21,000,000
* Market Cap: $144,000,000 (Jan 5th, 2013)
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| SHA256
* Launch Date: January 3rd, 2009
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| PoW
 
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| First blockchain.
=== Namecoin (NMC) ===
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| [https://bitcoin.org/ bitcoin.org]
* https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Namecoin
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|-
* (merged mined with BTC)
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Bitcoin.png|16px|link=]] [[Tonal Bitcoin]]
* https://github.com/vinced/namecoin
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| TBC
* http://namecoin.info/
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| 2011-01-02
* blocks every '''10 min'''
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| {{no|Low}}
* coin supply* '''21 million''' coins will be available
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| style="text-align: right" | ~21,000,000
* difficulty adjustment '''2016 blocks'''
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| SHA256
* hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
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| PoW
* Initial Reward '''50 '''coins per block
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| First on-chain alternative.
* Market Cap: ???? BTC
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| -
* Launch Date: April 18, 2011
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|-
 
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Bitcoin_Cash.png|16px|link=]] BCH
=== Litecoin (LTC) ===
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| BCH
* http://litecoin.org/
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| 2017-08-01
* blocks every '''2.5 min'''
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| {{no|Low}}
* coin supply* '''84 million''' coins will be available
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| style="text-align: right" | ~21,000,000
* difficulty adjustment '''2016 blocks'''
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| SHA256
* hashing algorithm '''scrypt '''
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| PoW
* Initial Reward '''50''' coins per block
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| An altcoin based on an old snapshot of Bitcoin's blockchain (2017 Aug 1) with replay protection and an increased block size limit of 8MB. An unusual emergency difficulty adjustment algorithm causes significant periods of hyperinflation. Significant miner centralization; often a very low hashrate. Major proponents deliberately attempt to confuse new users into thinking BCH is Bitcoin.
* Market Cap: 150,000 BTC
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| [https://www.bitcoincash.org/ bitcoincash.org]
* Launch Date: October 2011
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|-
 
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Namecoin.png|16px|link=]] Namecoin
=== Dogecoin (Doge) ===
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| NMC
* http://www.Dogecoin.com/
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| 2011-04-18
* blocks every '''1 min'''
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| {{no|Low}}
* coin supply* '''99 Billion''' coins will be available and 5 Billion added every year.
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| style="text-align: right" | ~21,000,000
* hashing algorithm '''scrypt '''
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| SHA256 Merged
* Initial Reward '''1,000,000 - 0 (Random)''' coins per block
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| PoW
* Market Cap: $56,000,000
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| First cryptocurrency that implemented Satoshi's BitDNS idea. Essentially the first real altcoin. Still under active development. First merged-mined altcoin.
* Launch Date: December 2013
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| [https://namecoin.info/ namecoin.info]
 
+
|-
=== [[Peercoin]] (PPC) ===
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Dash.png|16px|link=]] Dash
* http://ppcoin.org/
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| DASH
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=101820.0
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| 2014-01-18
* blocks every '''10 min'''
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| {{no|Low}}
* Coin supply* '''non-deterministic ''' coins will be available
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| style="text-align: right" | 22,000,000
* difficulty adjustment '''each block'''
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| X11
* hashing algorithm '''SHA-256'''
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| PoW/PoS
* Reward '''varies on difficulty''' coins per block
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| Introduced the X11 algorithm, which is just a composite function of multiple hashing algorithms. Had a significant failure mode in the beginning which equated to a majority premine by a small number of Amazon EC2 customers. This means their Master Node algorithm has been in a failure mode from the beginning.
* Mining: Incorporates [[Proof Of stake]] coin Generation, contains central checksums to kickstart the protocol
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| [https://dash.org/ dash.org]
* Market Cap: ???? BTC
+
|-
* Launch Date: approx August 19th, 2012  (date of its [http://ppcoin.org/static/ppcoin-paper.pdf whitepaper])
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Ethereum_Classic-32x32.png|16px|link=]] Ethereum Classic
** The public design phase of this coin was very brief.
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| ETC
 
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| 2015-08-07
=== Mastercoin (MSC) ===
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| {{no|Low}}
* http://www.mastercoin.org
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| style="text-align: right" | Infinite
* Coin supply: 619478.59338440 MSC
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| Ethash
* Launch Date: September 1, 2013
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| PoW
* Blockchain: Uses Bitcoin for transport, storage and security, inherits Bitcoin Protocol properties
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| Majority premine sale. Used to be known as just "Ethereum" and "ETH" until the Ethereum Foundation split off an altcoin using their trademark.
* Extended Properties: Distributed Exchange, Savings & Guardian Addresses, Contracts for Difference, Smart Properties, User Currencies
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| [http://www.ethereumclassic.org/ ethereumclassic.org]
* Protocol: Master Protocol
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|-
* Spec Github Repo: https://github.com/mastercoin-MSC/spec
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Ethereum.png|16px|link=]] Ethereum
 
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| ETH
== New ==
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| 2016-07-20
New in on the scene.
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| {{no|Low}}
Please put here any coins whose concept are new. If a coin is discussed for 6 months and launched yesterday, it is not new.
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| style="text-align: right" | Infinite
 
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| Ethash
=== Hashcoin (HSC) ===
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| PoW
* http://hashcoin.technology
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| An altcoin of Ethereum Classic which split from ETC's blockchain in order to refund the Ethereum Foundation's members' money when the DAO was exploited. Regular hardforks to bail out larger losses by e.g. ETH foundation. Source of the ICO bubbles. Multiple client implementations which fail against each other in terms of consensus errors regularly. Requires multiple months of time to sync to eth blockchain. Contract-building tools interpret input incompatibly.
* Block reward: '''1024 HSC'''
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| [https://ethereum.org ethereum.org ]
* Block time: '''10 seconds'''
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|-
* Hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Litecoin.png|16px|link=]] Litecoin
* Retarget: Every 720 blocks or every '''2 Hours'''
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| LTC
* Coin supply: '''28.4 billion''' (28,401,840,000) total coins
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| 2011-10-07
* Block reward halved every 9,467,280 blocks (~ 3 years)
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| {{no|Low}}
* Extended Properties: Decentralised Exchange, Real-time Payroll, Digitised Property Rights, Contract Rights & Intellectual Property Rights, Trading Locales, DNA Records, Patents, Shares.
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| style="text-align: right" | ~84,000,000
* Launch Date: January 3, 2014
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| Scrypt
* Site Go-Live: April 26, 2014
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| PoW
 
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| Originally meant to be a CPU-friendly "silver" to Bitcoin's "gold", the early SCRYPT parameters, it was discovered later, led directly to GPU, and then ASIC-mining almost from the start.
=== Coino (CON) ===
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| [https://litecoin.org/ litecoin.org]
* http://www.coino.org
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|-
* PoW algorithm: '''Scrypt'''
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Monero.png|16px|link=]] Monero
* Block reward: '''35 CON''' (First 140 Blocks only 1 Coin for instamine)
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| XMR
* Block time: '''25 seconds'''
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| 2014-04-18
* Retarget: '''1 Hour'''
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| style="background: lightyellow;" | Medium
* Coin supply: '''100 million''' total coins
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| ?
* Launch Date: January 18, 2014
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| [[CryptoNight]]
 
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| PoW
=== RonPaulCoin (RPC) ===
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| The most successful implementation derived from the Cryptonote codedrop. Uses [https://www.ledgerjournal.org/ojs/index.php/ledger/article/view/34 Ring Confidential Transactions].
* http://www.ronpaulcoin.com
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| [https://monero.org/ monero.org]
* Blocks every '''2 min'''
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|-
* Coin supply '''2.1 million''' total coins
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Zcash-16x16.png|16px|link=]] Zcash
* Difficulty adjustment '''1 day'''
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| ZEC
* Hashing algorithm '''scrypt'''
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| 2016-10-28
* Initial Reward '''1 '''coin per block
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| style="background: lightyellow;" | Medium
* Block reward halved every 262k blocks (~ 4 years)
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| style="text-align: right" | ~21,000,000
* Launch Date: December 29, 2013
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| Equihash
 
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| PoW
=== Betacoin (BET) ===
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| First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocash protocol. Large "Founder's Reward" which is paid out over the first few years of mining to people including Roger Ver.
* http://betacoin.org/
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| [https://z.cash/ z.cash]
* Blocks every '''4 min'''
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|-
* Coin supply* '''32 million''' coins will be mined in ~ first 6 years + '''0,39% annual'''
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! {{rh}} | [[File:Zcoin-800x800.png|16px|link=]] Zcoin
* Difficulty adjustment* '''6 blocks'''
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| XZC
* Hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
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| 2016-09-28
* Initial Reward '''128 '''coins per block
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| style="background: lightyellow;" | Medium
* Block reward halved every 126k blocks (~ 1 year)
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| style="text-align: right" | ~21,000,000
* Launch Date: October, 2013
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| Lyra2RE
 
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| PoW
=== Nxt (NXT) ===
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| First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocoin protocol which also makes it the first useful Zero-knowledge proof based anonymous cryptocurrency. First that implements Merkle Tree Proof of Work (MTP).
* http://nextcoin.org
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| [https://zcoin.io/ zcoin.io]
* Pronounced as "Next"
+
|-}
* Blocks every '''1 min'''
 
* Designed as 100% PoS (Proof-of-Stake) system
 
* Coin supply* '''1 billion''' coins exist from the start distributed by 74 founding stake holders
 
* Launch Date: September, 29, 2013
 
 
 
=== Globe (GLB) ===
 
* http://www.globecrypto.com/
 
* Blocks every '''1 min'''
 
* Difficulty adjustment '''1 day'''
 
* Hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
 
* Initial Reward '''10''' coin per block
 
* Block reward halved at 86.4k blocks, 5 coins per block thereafter, with 4% increase annually
 
* Launch Date: December 06, 2013
 
 
 
=== Valutacoin(VAC) ===
 
* http://valutacoin.com/
 
* blocks every '''10 min'''
 
* coin supply* '''21 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment* '''2016 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
 
* Initial Reward '''50 '''coins per block
 
* Launch Date: April 2014
 
 
 
== Minor ==
 
=== Megacoin (MΣC) ===
 
* http://www.megacoin.co.nz/
 
* https://forum.megacoin.co.nz
 
* Block Target is 2.5 minutes
 
* Block reward halved every every 420,000 blocks
 
* 25 coins per block
 
* 42 Million total coins
 
* Difficulty changes every block
 
 
 
The implentation of the Kimoto Gravity well retargets difficulty every block. This keeps mining fair and secure for all miners and users of the coin, and prevents the rampant multipool abuse that was (and still is) common with most all other altcoins out on the market today.
 
 
 
=== AnonCoin (ANC) ===
 
* https://anoncoin.net/
 
* https://forum.anoncoin.net
 
* Block Target is 3.4 minutes
 
* Block reward halved every 306k blocks
 
* 5 coins per block
 
* 4.2 million total coins
 
* Difficulty changes every block
 
 
 
[[Anoncoin]]'s goal is to make the user more Anonymous by providing built-in support for I2P and [[Zerocoin]].
 
 
 
=== Franko (FRK) ===
 
* http://www.frankos.org/
 
* http://forum.frankos.org
 
* Block Target is 0.5 minutes
 
* Block reward halved every 22m blocks
 
* 0.25 coins per block
 
* 11.2 million total coins
 
* Difficulty changes every 720 blocks
 
 
 
Franko is considered the crypto with the fairest adoption length. Accepted by over 50 merchants and 10 brick and mortar stores.
 
 
 
Base currency used by the Franko Collective, a democratic group of developers.
 
 
 
=== FeatherCoin (FTC) ===
 
* http://feathercoin.com/
 
* A fork of Litecoin
 
* 243 million total coins
 
 
 
=== CraftCoin (CRC) ===
 
* http://craftcoin.net/
 
* Based on Litecoin
 
* Portable in-game currency for Minecraft Servers
 
* 206,847 total coins
 
 
 
=== Tonal Bitcoin (TBC) ===
 
* [[Tonal Bitcoin]]
 
* (merged mined with BTC)
 
* (blockchain shared with BTC)
 
* (automatically converted to/from BTC)
 
* blocks every '''10 min'''
 
* Coin supply* '''7.8 tam''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment '''2016 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''SHA-256'''
 
* Initial Reward '''1,2905.2''' coins per block
 
* Market Cap: $144,000,000 (Jan 5th, 2013)
 
* Launch Date: January 2rd, 2011
 
 
 
=== IxCoin (IXC) ===
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=36701.0
 
* (merged mined with BTC)
 
* blocks every '''10 min'''
 
* Coin supply* '''21 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment '''2016 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''SHA1'''
 
* Reward '''96 '''coins per block
 
 
 
=== Devcoin (DEV) ===
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=34586.0
 
* (merged mined with BTC)
 
* blocks every '''10 min'''
 
* coin supply* '''constant generation''' coins will be available (???)
 
* difficulty adjustment '''2016 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''SHA256d'''
 
* Reward '''50,000''' coins per block
 
* '''EXTRA 90% block subsidy goes to foundation'''
 
 
 
=== Freicoin (FRC) ===
 
* http://freico.in/
 
* http://www.freicoin.org/
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=89843.0
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=3816.0
 
* blocks every '''10 minutes'''
 
* coin supply* '''100 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment '''2016 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''SHA-256'''
 
* [http://www.freicoin.org/freicoin-generation-graph-t41-20.html#p532 Arithmetically decreasing] reward
 
* EXTRA:
 
-- 4.89% annual [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demurrage_currency demurrage]
 
-- 80% block subsidy [http://www.freicoin.org/application-developer-best-practices-t87.html#p919 goes to foundation for the first 3 years] (about 500 coins for each of first 161280 blocks, total 80m)
 
-- [u]In need of Dev work on daemon, client etc but network still running[/u]
 
 
 
=== I0coin (I0C) ===
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=36425.0 ; https://github.com/kr105rlz/i0coin
 
* Perhaps should be moved to Dead section?
 
 
 
=== Terracoin (TRC) ===
 
* http://terracoin.org/
 
* blocks every '''2 minutes'''
 
* coin supply* '''42 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment '''30 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''SHA-256'''
 
* Reward '''20''' coins per block
 
 
 
=== Liquidcoin (LQC) ===
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=60026.0
 
* blocks every '''10 minutes'''
 
* '''no cap''' as block subsidy has a minimum of 1 coin
 
* Constant difficulty of '''0.5'''
 
* Coin reward drops over time
 
 
 
=== BBQCoin (BQC) ===
 
* http://blog.bbqcoin.org http://www.bbqcoin.com
 
* blocks every '''1 minute'''
 
* coin supply* '''88 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment '''60 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''Scrypt'''
 
* Reward '''42''' coins per block
 
 
 
=== BitBar (BTB) ===
 
* http://bitbar.biz/home
 
* blocks every '''10 minutes'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''Scrypt'''
 
* Reward '''1''' coin per block
 
* Coin reward drops over time
 
 
 
=== Netcoin (NET) ===
 
* Main - http://netcoin.org.uk/
 
* Forums - http://forum.netcoinfoundation.org/
 
* blocks every '''1 min'''
 
* coin supply* '''320.6 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment* '''60 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''Scrypt'''
 
* Initial Reward '''1024 '''coins per block
 
* Reward Halves '''Every 3 months or 129,600 Blocks'''
 
* Market Cap: approx. $200,000 (Dec 4th, 2013)
 
* Launch Date: Sept 2nd, 2013
 
 
 
=== GoldCoin (GLD) ===
 
* http://gldcoin.com/
 
* https://www.gldtalk.org/
 
* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=317568.0
 
* blocks every '''2 minutes'''
 
* coin supply* '''123 million''' coins will be available
 
* difficulty adjustment* '''60 blocks'''
 
* hashing algorithm '''Scrypt'''
 
* reward '''45''' coins per block
 
 
 
 
 
== Dead / dying ==
 
===Qubic===
 
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=112676.0
 
Qubic Forum: http://qubic.boards.net
 
===TimeKoin===
 
Still alive* http://timekoin.org/* https://bitcointalk.org/index.php topic=88467.0
 
===SC Solidcoin===
 
scam?* https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/SolidCoin ; http://solidcoin.info/
 
===GG Geist Geld===
 
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=42417.0 ; https://github.com/Lolcust/GeistGeld
 
===TBX Tenebrix===
 
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=45667.0 ; https://github.com/Lolcust/Tenebrix
 
===FBX Fairbrix===
 
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=46528.0 ; https://github.com/coblee/Fairbrix
 
===CLC Coiledcoin===
 
killed in 51% attack ; https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=56675.0
 
===RUC Rucoin===
 
https://www.rucoin.org/ ; https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=48582.0
 
===MMM MMMcoin===
 
dead
 
===Weeds===
 
[https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=9493.0]
 
===Beertoken===
 
[https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=9493.0]
 
 
 
==See Also==
 
 
 
* [http://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=134179.0 List of all cryptocoins] curated list on BitcoinTalk forum.
 
  
 
[[Category:Alternative cryptocurrencies]]
 
[[Category:Alternative cryptocurrencies]]

Latest revision as of 09:34, 11 October 2019

The cryptocurrency market is explosive which currently serves hundreds of currencies. Almost all of them are obvious scams—including many which purport to have a large market cap. This article aims to list only the most relevant cryptocurrencies in terms of novel technological advancements or strong engineering teams, or due to widespread awareness thereof. Direct, low-level scams should not be listed here.

Cryptocurrency Exchange symbol Launched Anonymity Max supply Algorithm Proof Type Notes Website
Bitcoin.png Bitcoin BTC 2009-01-03 Low ~21,000,000 SHA256 PoW First blockchain. bitcoin.org
Bitcoin.png Tonal Bitcoin TBC 2011-01-02 Low ~21,000,000 SHA256 PoW First on-chain alternative. -
Bitcoin Cash.png BCH BCH 2017-08-01 Low ~21,000,000 SHA256 PoW An altcoin based on an old snapshot of Bitcoin's blockchain (2017 Aug 1) with replay protection and an increased block size limit of 8MB. An unusual emergency difficulty adjustment algorithm causes significant periods of hyperinflation. Significant miner centralization; often a very low hashrate. Major proponents deliberately attempt to confuse new users into thinking BCH is Bitcoin. bitcoincash.org
Namecoin.png Namecoin NMC 2011-04-18 Low ~21,000,000 SHA256 Merged PoW First cryptocurrency that implemented Satoshi's BitDNS idea. Essentially the first real altcoin. Still under active development. First merged-mined altcoin. namecoin.info
Dash.png Dash DASH 2014-01-18 Low 22,000,000 X11 PoW/PoS Introduced the X11 algorithm, which is just a composite function of multiple hashing algorithms. Had a significant failure mode in the beginning which equated to a majority premine by a small number of Amazon EC2 customers. This means their Master Node algorithm has been in a failure mode from the beginning. dash.org
Ethereum Classic-32x32.png Ethereum Classic ETC 2015-08-07 Low Infinite Ethash PoW Majority premine sale. Used to be known as just "Ethereum" and "ETH" until the Ethereum Foundation split off an altcoin using their trademark. ethereumclassic.org
Ethereum.png Ethereum ETH 2016-07-20 Low Infinite Ethash PoW An altcoin of Ethereum Classic which split from ETC's blockchain in order to refund the Ethereum Foundation's members' money when the DAO was exploited. Regular hardforks to bail out larger losses by e.g. ETH foundation. Source of the ICO bubbles. Multiple client implementations which fail against each other in terms of consensus errors regularly. Requires multiple months of time to sync to eth blockchain. Contract-building tools interpret input incompatibly. ethereum.org
Litecoin.png Litecoin LTC 2011-10-07 Low ~84,000,000 Scrypt PoW Originally meant to be a CPU-friendly "silver" to Bitcoin's "gold", the early SCRYPT parameters, it was discovered later, led directly to GPU, and then ASIC-mining almost from the start. litecoin.org
Monero.png Monero XMR 2014-04-18 Medium  ? CryptoNight PoW The most successful implementation derived from the Cryptonote codedrop. Uses Ring Confidential Transactions. monero.org
Zcash-16x16.png Zcash ZEC 2016-10-28 Medium ~21,000,000 Equihash PoW First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocash protocol. Large "Founder's Reward" which is paid out over the first few years of mining to people including Roger Ver. z.cash
Zcoin-800x800.png Zcoin XZC 2016-09-28 Medium ~21,000,000 Lyra2RE PoW First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocoin protocol which also makes it the first useful Zero-knowledge proof based anonymous cryptocurrency. First that implements Merkle Tree Proof of Work (MTP). zcoin.io