All amounts in the block chain are denominated in satoshi before being converted for display. The source code also uses satoshi when specifying an amount of bitcoin. When displaying an extremely fine fraction of a bitcoin, as in a contemporary faucet, the amount is displayed in satoshi for readability.
As of July 2017, 1 US cent is worth approximately 430 satoshi.
The value of a bitcoin in satoshi was decided by Satoshi Nakamoto to be 100 million no later than November 2008.
On November 15, 2010, ribuck proposed that the one hundredth of a bitcoin (0.01 BTC) be called a Satoshi. Four months later he instead suggested that the one hundred millionth unit be called an austrian or a satoshi. The name satoshi caught on, and was widely adopted thereafter.
Traditionally, the plural form has been simply satoshi, but the term satoshis is also popular. If the plural form were to follow the rules of Japanese grammar, it may be pronounced as satoshi, or satoshisa.
Satoshi is sometimes abbreviated to sat or s, although no symbol has been widely adopted.
There are various proposed symbols:
|里||In Japanese names, this character can (rarely) be read "satoshi". It is an uncommon Chinese/Japanese character on its own, and an infrequent radical (kangxi #166). It can be seen as a radical in the common kanji 理 and 量, used in meaningful words like: 理想 (ideals), 理論 (theory), 理性 (reason), 理科 (science), and 量 (quantity). "Satoshi" is a rare reading; more commonly it is read as "ri" or "sato".|
|シ||A Japanese katakana representing the syllable "shi". Note that this character is extremely common in Japanese, so it could cause confusion. Also, it can mean "death" in Japanese and Chinese.|
|㋛||As above, but circled to distinguish it from the katakana.|
|し||As above, but this is the hiragana instead of the katakana. This is even more common than シ in Japanese writing, however.|
|サ||A Japanese katakana representing the syllable "sa". Maybe it looks more reminiscent of a currency symbol than others. Note that this character is extremely common in Japanese, so it could cause confusion.|
- What is a 'Satoshi'? - Bitcoin Stack Exchange
- BitcoinTalk thread 407442. How did “satoshi” become the name of the base unit? 9 January 2014. Post 4415850.
- BitcoinTalk thread 819656. Why 1BTC should equal 10^8 satoshi ? 11 October 2014.
- BitcoinTalk thread 382374. Bitcoin source from November 2008. 23 December 2013.
- Barnes, Samuel (9 April 2014). "Do These "Free Bitcoin" Sites Work?". CryptoCoinsNews. https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/do-free-bitcoin-sites-work/. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- BitcoinTalk thread 369. Official Bitcoin Unicode Character? 14 July 2010. Post 22160.
- BitcoinTalk thread 3311. More divisibility required - move the decimal point 10 February 2011. Post 46648.
- Bitcoin Wiki revision by theymos
- BitcoinTalk thread 289475. satoshii 9 September 2013. Post 3112861.