Pool vs. solo mining
Why You Are Here
You are most likely here because you have been asking questions on #bitcoin-mining
What this topic discusses
The purpose of this page is to explain what the differences between pooled mining and solo mining. This Topic will give pros and cons of each, and explain at what point you would want to switch from one to the other.
What is Pooled Mining?
Pooled mining "pools" all of the resources of the clients in that pool to generate the solution to a given block. When the pool solves a block, the 50 BTC generated by that block's solution is split and distributed between the pools participants.
This means that you get "steady" payouts over time (ie 0.01 BTC per block that the pool solves, and the pool solves blocks ~30 min)
What is Solo Mining?
Solo mining means that you pool all of your resources into a private pool. When you solve a block you get 50 BTC.
Pool Mining Pros: Pool mining is a collaborative effort towards discovering a block. Pooled mining tends to generate a steadier income. There are some pools that don't have any fees. Pool mining tends to generate a level number of blocks as pooled miners are attracted at a rate consistent with difficulty increases.
Pool Mining Cons: Pool mining can suffer interruptions from outages at the pool provider. Pooled mining tends to generate a smaller income. The smaller income is a result, among other things, of the fact that most pools take a percentage of the coins its workers have discovered. If a pool cannot attract additional miners, or loses miners (e.g. due to policy or payout changes) the generation time increases along with difficulty.
Solo Mining Pros: Solo mining is less prone to outages resulting in higher uptime. Solo mining tends to generate a larger income over Solo mining doesn't incur any fees. For each discovered block, 50 BTC is paid to the miner
Solo Mining Cons: Solo mining tends to generate more erratic income. The generation of a block will tend to take several weeks with no payout. Solo mining generates fewer blocks over time as difficulty increases.
- Why pooled mining An article in favor of pooled mining.