Comparison of cryptocurrencies

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The cryptocurrency market is explosive which currently serves 735 currencies. Most of them are obvious scams—including many which purport to have a large market cap. This article aims to list only the most relevant cryptocurrencies in terms of novel technological advancements or strong engineering teams, or due to widespread awareness thereof. Direct, low-level scams should not be listed here.

Cryptocurrency Exchange symbol Launched Anonymity Notes Website
Bitcoin.png Bitcoin BTC 2009-01-03 Low First blockchain.
Dash.png Dash DASH 2014-01-18 Low Introduced the X11 algorithm, which is just a composite function of multiple hashing algorithms. Had a significant failure mode in the beginning which equated to a majority premine by a small number of Amazon EC2 customers. This technically compromises their Master Node algorithm, especially over time.
Ethereum.png Ethereum ETH 2015-08-07 Low Massive
Ethereum Classic-32x32.pngEthereum Classic ETC 2016-07-24 Low
Litecoin.png Litecoin LTC 2011-10-07 Low
Monero.png Monero XMR 2014-04-18 Medium Introduced Ring Confidential Transactions.
Namecoin.png Namecoin NMC 2011-04-18 Low First cryptocurrency that implemented Satoshi's BitDNS idea
NEM-16x16.png NEM XEM 2015-03-31 Medium Introduced the proof-of-importance (POI) algorithm.
Zcash-16x16.png Zcash ZEC 2016-10-28 Medium First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocash protocol.
Zcoin-800x800.png Zcoin XZC 2016-09-28 Medium First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocoin protocol which also makes it the first useful Zero-knowledge proof based anonymous cryptocurrency. First that implements Merkle Tree Proof of Work (MTP).
Cryptocurrency Max supply Algorithm Proof Type
Bitcoin.png Bitcoin ~21,000,000 SHA256 PoW
Dash.png Dash 22,000,000 X11 PoW/PoS
Ethereum.png Ethereum Infinite Ethash PoW
Ethereum Classic-32x32.png Ethereum Classic Infinite Ethash PoW
Litecoin.png Litecoin ~84,000,000 Scrypt PoW
Monero.png Monero Not Applicable CryptoNight PoW
Namecoin.png Namecoin ~21,000,000 SHA2 Merged-Mined PoW
NEM-16x16.png NEM 8,999,999,999.0 ? PoI
Zcash-16x16.png Zcash ~21,000,000 Equihash PoW
Zcoin-800x800.png Zcoin ~21,000,000 Lyra2RE PoW